A Brief Introduction to Ministry: Powerful Resources (2 Corinthians 6:6-8)

Lesson series 2001
Tags: 2 Corinthians; Ministry; Paul; Confidence; Power
Excerpted from Paul on Ministry: Lessons from 2 Corinthians
Related Resources: Leadership Principles in 2 Corinthians


  1. To aid participants in recognizing the resources that underlie genuine ministry.
  2. To motivate participants to understand the Holy Spirit’s pivotal role in ministry.

Text (NKJV)

6 by purity, by knowledge, by longsuffering, by kindness, by the Holy Spirit, by sincere love,
7 by the word of truth, by the power of God, by the armor of righteousness on the right hand and on the left,
8 by honor and dishonor, by evil report and good report; as deceivers, and yet true;


“Philosophers [. . .] often described themselves by catalogs of virtues, which made their lives models for those of their readers. Because charlatans were abundant, true teachers had to stress their pure motives and that they acted on knowledge of what was real. Paul’s defense here would impress a Greek audience who thought that Paul was out of touch with their culture’s proper speaking conventions” (Keener 502).


  • Comes from Greek hagnotes--purity, chastity, uprightness of life
  • Translated “pureness” (KJV) and “purity” (NASB, NIV)
  • Cognate adjective used in 2 Cor 11:2


  • Comes from Greek gnosis--knowledge, intelligence, understanding, moral wisdom
  • Translated “knowledge” (KJV, NASB) and “understanding” (NIV)
  • Also used in 2 Cor 2:14; 4:6; 8:7; 10:5; 11:6


  • Comes from Greek makrothumia--patience, endurance, steadfastness, forbearance, long-suffering
  • Translated “longsuffering” (KJV) and “patience” (NASB, NIV)
  • Also used in Gal 5:22; 2 Tim 3:10


  • Comes from Greek chrestotes--moral goodness, integrity, benignity, kindness
  • Consistently translated “kindness” (KJV, NASB, NIV)
  • Also used in Gal 5:22; Col 3:12

The Holy Spirit

  • Also used in 2 Cor 3:3; 13:14

Sincere Love

  • Comes from Greek anupokritos--unfeigned, undisguised
  • Translated “love unfeigned” (KJV), “genuine love” (NASB), and “sincere love” (NIV)
  • Also used in Rom 12:9; 2 Tim 1:5; 1 Pet 1:22; Jas 3:17

The Word of Truth

  • Translated “the word of truth” (KJV, NASB) and “truthful speech” (NIV)
  • Phrase also used in Eph 1:13; 2 Tim 2:15; Jas 1:18

The Power of God

  • Consistently translated “the power of God” (KJV, NASB, NIV)
  • Phrase also used in Rom 1:16; 1 Cor 1:18, 24; 2:5; 2 Cor 13:4; cf. 2 Cor 4:7

The Armor of Righteousness on the Right Hand and on the Left

  • Comes from Greek hoplon--arm, weapon, instrument
  • Translated “the armor of righteousness on the right hand and on the left” (KJV), “the weapons of righteousness for the right hand and the left” (NASB), “weapons of righteousness in the right hand and in the left” (NIV)
  • Also used in 2 Cor 10:4; cf. Eph 6:11-18

Honor and Dishonor

  • Comes from Greek doxa--praise, honor, glory--and atimia--dishonor, ignominy, disgrace
  • Translated “honor and dishonor” (KJV) and “glory and dishonor” (NASB, NIV)
  • Doxa also used in 2 Cor 3:7ff; 4:17; atimia also used in 1 Cor 11:14; 15:43; 2 Cor 11:21

Evil Report and Good Report

  • Comes from Greek dusphemia--ill repute, defamation, reproach--and euphemia--good report, praise
  • Translated “evil report and good report” (KJV, NASB) and “bad report and good report” (NIV)
  • Dusphemia and euphemia used only here in the New Testament; euphemos used in Phil 4:8