Jephthah (10:6-12:7)

Study notes  2019
Tags: Jephthah; Judges 10:6-12:7; Israel; Spiritual life; Baal
Excerpted from Profiles of the Judges



Description of Spiritual Failure
“The people of Israel again did what was evil in the sight of the LORD and served the Baals and the Ashtaroth, the gods of Syria, the gods of Sidon, the gods of Moab, the gods of the Ammonites, and the gods of the Philistines. And they forsook the LORD and did not serve him” (10:6).
Nation(s) Oppressing Israel Ammon and Philistia (10:7; 10:17-18; 11:4)
Nature of Foreign Oppression Persistent subjugation of the Israelites on the east side of the Jordan followed by aggressions against the tribes on the west side (10:7-9)
Length of Foreign Oppression 18 years (10:8)
Cry for Deliverance “And the people of Israel cried out to the LORD, saying, ‘We have sinned against you, because we have forsaken our God and have served the Baals.’ … And the people of Israel said to the LORD, ‘We have sinned; do to us whatever seems good to you. Only please deliver us this day’” (10:10, 15).
Provenance of Judge From the land of Gilead (11:1ff.); see note on the provenance of Jair
Special Notes Jephthah’s life and service abounded in contradictions. Initially rejected by his community because of his birth to a prostitute, his people eventually sought him out because of his skill as a warrior (11:1-11). On the surface, his appointment as a judge seems to have been the result of human agency (11:5-8); nevertheless, Yahweh used him to accomplish his purposes for Israel. Although his life exhibited a tendency to rash speech and behavior (11:30-31; 12:1-6), he was zealous and Spirit-empowered (11:29, 32-33). Additionally, he had a strong appreciation for the history of the Lord’s intervention in Israel’s history (11:21, 23-24; 11:27).
Length of Judge’s Service 6 years (12:7)
Duration of Peace Not recorded
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